The two main tables for Q2A content are Post, which holds all questions, answers and comment, and word, which index the words including tags. The other stuff is to configure how Q2A looks and work and who can use it. So how you integrate your multiple Q&A only depend on what exactly you want them to share between them. If you want same users, same look, I'd say go with categories. If you want same users, different look then you may need more than one deployment with an integration with users. On top of my head, I don't see other things to share.