This is getting rather tedious, but I'll try explaining your misunderstanding one more time, so read closely:
"info" is a TOP LEVEL DOMAIN (or TLD), not an "extension".
The domain "example.info" is a SUBDOMAIN of that TOP LEVEL DOMAIN.
Hence blocking all SUBDOMAINS of a TOP LEVEL DOMAIN (i.e. ".info") will yield the desired result.
The relevant authoritative documentation about the Domain Name System is linked in the Wikipedia article I referenced. GoDaddy is not an authoritative source on DNS nomenclature, no matter how much you want it to.